Propuesta climática del Vaticano para COP 21

HOLY SEE PROPOSALS ADP 2.11
10 main points based on the Encyclical Laudato sì’ (LS)

1. Promote the common responsibility (LS 170) and global solidarity, in light of the urgency of a situation that requires the widest possible cooperation for a common plan (LS 164). In this context, it seems appropriate to recall the responsibilities towards future generations (LS 159-161) and the most vulnerable sectors of the current generation.
2. Make explicit reference to the commitment to achieve two interconnected objectives: eradicating poverty and easing the effects of climate change (LS 172).
3. Developed countries should take the lead (LS 172) to promote collaboration in the development and transfer of appropriate technologies for adaptation and mitigation, especially for the most vulnerable groups.
4. Strengthen finance sources and develop finance alternatives, with particular attention to the identification of incentives, elimination of subsidies and the prevention of speculation (LS 171).
5. Encourage the transition to low-carbon economies through activities that promote renewable energies (LS 26 e 164), energy efficiency (LS 26, 164 and 180), dematerialization (LS 26 e 180), adequate management of transport (LS 26 e 180) and forests (LS 164).
6. Advance sustainable consumption and production patterns (LS 180), education to sustainable lifestyle (LS 164 and 206) and responsible awareness (LS 202 e 231).
7. Pay attention to food security, and in particular to appropriate, sustainable and diversified agricultural systems (LS 164 and 180).
8. Keep references to social issues and decent jobs.
9. Ensure the participation of the local population, including indigenous people,
in the decision-making processes (LS 143-146).
10. Provide for a follow-up and commitment review process in a transparent, efficient and dynamic manner, capable of gradually increasing the level of ambitions, as well as ensuring adequate control (LS 167).
2 Having as a frame of reference these 10 points, according to a joint examination of the three
Non-papers presented by the Co-Chairs on 5 October 2015, namely:Draft Agreement; Draft Decision;Draft decision on work-stream 2 of the ADP, and taking into account the GENEVA NEGOTIATING TEXT – FCCC/ADP/2015/1 of 25 February 2015 (GT), the following is proposed:
Non-paper on A. Draft Agreement:
 PREAMBLE: It seems appropriate to strengthen it, in order to give an ethical orientation and guideline to the Agreement to be adopted, underlying the ethical imperative of the Agreement; in this perspective:
Amend Pp2: «In furtherance of the objective of the Convention, being guided by its
principles set out in its Article 3 and determined to strengthen the multilateral, rules-based regime under the Convention through its full, effective and sustained implementation from 2020» [GT pp5 Option b].
Amend Pp6: «Recognizing the need for long-term efforts in transitioning to low- carbon economies, as well as the importance of developing opportunities with high mitigation potential, including those with adaptation, health, poverty eradication and sustainable development co-benefits, taking into account the particular and specific needs of Parties particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, especially the least developed country (LDC) Parties » [GT pp16, 21.5.b.iii, 5 Option 2 5.5, and 190].
Insert a new preambular paragraph: «Acknowledging that the global nature and urgency of climate change, which represents an urgent and potentially irreversible threat to present and future generations of humankind, as well as to the planet, our common home, call for the widest possible cooperation of all Parties through an effective and appropriate ambitious international response, in accordance with equity, global solidarity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities of the Parties» [GT pp12 pp10 Option b].
Insert a new preambular paragraph: «Reaffirming the importance of education, training, public awareness, public participation, public access to information and international cooperation on these matters for promoting changes in lifestyles, attitudes and behaviour needed to foster low-emission and climate-resilient development and to mobilize public support for climate policies and action» [GT pp26 and 61.1.d].
 ART.3-MITIGATION:
 Insert at the end of Art. 3.1: «... Parties with the greatest responsibility and highest
capability to demonstrate leadership» [GT 8].  ART.4-ADAPTION:
 Insert at the end of Art. 4.1: « ..., in the context of poverty eradication and the strengthening of food security» [GT 3 or 17].
 ART.6-FINANCE:
 Insert at the end of Art.6 9(c): «..., including international fossil fuel subsidies» [GT 81].

 ART. 5 - TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSFER:
 Insert in Art. 7.1: «All Parties, noting the importance of technology to support the implementation of mitigation and adaptation efforts under this Agreement and recognizing existing deployment and dissemination efforts, [shall][should][other] establish means to facilitate access to and the deployment, application and diffusion, including transfer, of safe, appropriate, and environmentally, economically and socially sound adaptation and mitigation technologies, strengthen cooperative action to promote and enhance technology development and transfer, improve enabling environments for and address barriers to the dissemination and uptake of technology, and foster cooperative approaches to research and development, on the basis of the strengthening of sustainable development trajectories and poverty eradication» [GT 132.4 Option c].
Non-paper on B. Draft Decision.  PREAMBLE:
 Amend Pp6: «... with the goal of promoting food security, restoration of degraded lands, integral and sustainable management of forests, ...» [GT 23].
 Insert a new preambular paragraph: «Stressing the urgency of accelerating the implementation of climate actions to enhance pre-2020 ambitions, and noting with grave concern the significant gap between the aggregate effect of Parties’ mitigation pledges in terms of global annual emissions of greenhouse gases up until 2020 and aggregate emission pathways consistent with having a likely chance of holding the increase in global average temperature below 2 °C or 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels» [GT pp15].
It may be appropriate to explore additional ways to strengthen, in the Agreement, the following concepts:
 education to sustainable lifestyle;
 responsible awareness;
 sustainable consumption and production patterns;1
 just transition of the workforce and the creation of decent jobs;
 energy efficiency;
 transition to sustainable development or low-carbon economies;
 5 years review cycle and mechanisms for mitigation/INDCs targets, climate finance,
adaptation and long term goal.
It may also be appropriate to insert the paragraph:
“Parties shall, in addition to action in other sectors and in line with all relevant international obligations, prioritize the protection, maintenance and restoration of natural ecosystems, identify and facilitate emission reductions and removals from those sources in an equitable manner, and develop principles and guidelines to ensure
1 In the outcome document of the UN Summit for the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda (A/69/L.85) the Goal 12 is: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.
3

social protections, food security, ecological integrity, transparency and comparability”.

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